One of the greatest achievements of the Indus Valley Civilization was the development of the system of writing known as the earliest known script system on the planet.

Where is Indus Valley?

The Indus Valley, or Indus Valley Civilization, was a Bronze Age culture (3400-2000 BC) centered in the Indus River Valley (now in Pakistan, India and parts of Afghanistan) and was one of three Bronze Age civilizations, the other two being the Nile Valley and Mesopotamia. The valley is named after the Indus River, the easternmost tributary of the Sindh River.

Also question is, what role did the arts have in the Indus Valley civilization?

In the course of the Indus Valley Civilization, artists, including some accomplished in metalwork and stone sculpture, created works in the fields of sculpture, painting, textiles and music, including the first known examples of poetry and theater.

What language was spoken in the Indus River Valley?

The Indus Script is a complex writing system dating from the 5th millennium BC. It is written from right to left on clay tablets written in horizontal lines from top to bottom. The Indus script is classified within the larger family of Dravidian scripts, together with the Brahmi and several others.

Who were the Indus people?

The people of the Indus, called by later peoples the “Great Civilisers” by the Greeks, may have been the Harappan civilisation. They are often considered direct ancestors of the Vedic people who are believed to be the ancestors of the modern Indo-Aryan peoples.

What is the oldest civilization?

Stone-made weapons and tools have been unearthed in Australia in a stone age that archaeologists say dates back 13,000 years. The oldest evidence of human settlements in Australia were dated at about 40,000 to 16,000 BC, and Stone Age is the name commonly given to this very early culture. Evidence of earlier stone-age settlements has proven to be more common in the Northern Hemisphere of the Earth than in other parts of the world.

What did the Indus Valley eat?

The agricultural plants native to the Indus Valley were mainly cereals. Wheat, barley and rye are the most common. They also ate fruits for their juice, like the amla fruit, but also used the fruits for their seeds or the fruit pulp. They also ate vegetables, meat, and fish.

What does Mohenjo Daro mean?

Sindhu. Meena. Darshi. In Hindi the phrase “Mohenjo Daro meaning; is a name sometimes attached to the Sindhu Valley, which is an important area of land in the Gangetic plain in present-day India.

Why did the Indus Valley civilization decline?


Disease. Some scholars believe that the lack of food crops contributed to the decline of the Indus writing. The most important crop in the region is wheat. Overpopulation can explain why the Indus civilization declined.

What evidences of the painting have been found in Indus Valley Civilization?

For example, the Indus Valley civilization is known for its sophisticated stone tools and jewelry, elaborate pottery and colorful paintings. Archaeologist Mortimer Wheeler excavated the site and found that the main temple contained images of an elephant-headed god with a human tusk for a trunk.

Who founded Harappa?

These early Harappans were likely traders, farmers and craftsmen who lived by the rivers. These people were buried with some of the best crafts to date, including pottery, copper and ivory artifacts, beads and jewelry, copper and ivory works, and seals.

What was before Indus Valley civilization?

What are the dates of the early civilizations? The period between 2500 and 3000 BC is usually referred to as the Prehistory or Stone Age and was marked by the beginnings of complex, regional cultural and artistic traditions. At first, these cultural traditions were dominated by regional tribes who had begun to develop social customs, organized religion and an advanced economy.

Who was the chief god of Indus Valley?

Indus Valley – the first culture in the world known to have settled on a large scale and built cities in the Indus valley. Many of the first great civilizations in the world developed in the ancient Indus Valley. The Indus rivers in Pakistan and India are often identified with the Indian God Rama.

What was the importance of crafts in a Harappan city?

In Harrapan, it was in vocation that the greatest importance was attached to. In the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, crafts were more important than art or science. In the arts and crafts, they manufactured various objects such as clay vessels, bangles, musical instruments, etc.

Secondly, what was the Indus Valley civilization known for?

The people who lived in this region of India did some of the earliest experiments with agriculture and metallurgy. The Indus Valley Civilization’s main areas included the Indus River Delta, the Indus Valley Civilization, Kankaur, Gandahar, Harappa, Rakhigarhi, and Dholavira.

Who discovered Indus Valley civilization?

Ahmed, Faiq Ali. Historian and Archeologist.

Who did the Indus Valley trade with?

The civilization of the Indus Valley was ancient. The Indus civilisation was characterized by a strong, centralized ruling system with the king being a powerful ruler. This system was very different from ancient Mesopotamian civilizations. The Indus civilization was a religious, trading, and technological civilization.

What is an Indus seal?

The Indus Script is an alphabet or writing system that predates the Vedic and the later Hindu religious texts of the Indian subcontinent. The script is used for the epigraphy, the inscriptions, the ancient Indian literature (including but not limited to the Vedas) and the seals of Harappa Valley and other Indian cities and sites.

One may also ask, what were the main Centres of the art of Indus Valley?

There were 2 main cities of the Indus Valley Civilization, which were Harappa (also known as Harappa, meaning high city) and Mohenjo-Daro (“valley of the dead”). The art of this culture was different from that of the Vedic culture and was dominated by its geometric and artistic designs.

What is one conclusion about the Indus Valley civilization?

The Indus Valley Civilization had a strong social order that included advanced art and architecture. At its peak in about 2500 BC, the Indus Valley Civilization had cities with an estimated population of one million. The cities were inhabited during the annual monsoon season when the monsoon waters fell.

How did Mohenjo Daro end?

A small military expedition of 2000 soldiers led by the Bajrang rajah captured the city. The military mission destroyed the city and plundered it for copper and stone and moved them to the east. When Mohenjo Daro was left empty, its walls collapsed and many of its buildings were destroyed by flooding.

What were some achievements of the Indus Valley civilization?

The Indus civilization was a pre-historic society. It was located In southern Pakistan, northwest India and north-eastern Afghanistan. During its heyday (the mid-second millennium BC), it was a major cultural center that traded with other centers, such as Mesopotamia and southeast Asia.