They are newer.
Tilburg and Eindhoven are located in Noord-Brabant, a region which, due to its poor soil (sandy soil with only in the stream and on the Meuse fertile clay), and continual looting and baldfall in wars, never wanted to become prosperous.Between 1200 and 1300, a few settlements, such as Eindhoven, were strengthened and with city rights, but more than a few thousand inhabitants never got those towns. Very different from the Flemish, South Brabant and Dutch cities, which thanks to the textile industry, trade relations and much more fertile peasant hinterland could become much bigger and more prosperous. While Holland experienced its golden age and picked the fruits of colonialism, North Brabant sighed under the Eighty Years ‘ War (1568 鈧?”1648) and later the French wars, and barely managed to pick up a joke, because a Dutchman doesn’t Had reason to do business with Noord-Brabant, since there was nothing of value to be found. Only Bergen op Zoom, which was at sea and could benefit somewhat from the North Sea trade, and further Breda and Den Bosch, the most important military support points, were given some size and significance.
Around 1800, Eindhoven and Tilburg had about 10.000 inhabitants, where in the case of Eindhoven you have to count the surrounding municipalities.Eindhoven was a town of a few streets large, a traffic junction, surrounded by a ring of esvillages that formed a network of streets through which the buildings evolved, and which were incorporated into the present city; Tilburg was not a traffic junction, but also looked similar.They were rather large villages than cities.
Their inhabitants were partly attracted by the evolving industry, which became possible by mechanization: the Industrial Revolution.Initially, the industry developed around the areas of raw material extraction, such as the Belgian coal and iron mines. The Netherlands did not have any material extraction of significance. Later, the industry, aided by a rapidly improved road and rail network, also spread to other regions, and then Noord-Brabant suddenly became interesting: because of the prevailing poverty, labour force was cheap, making labor-intensive Industry was going to settle. Especially on the production of cigars and cigarettes, textiles and shoes, all sorts of North Brabant cities and villages started to grow, as hardest Tilburg, Eindhoven, Helmond, Oss, Roosendaal, Waalwijk and Geldrop. The manufacturers, who brought the starting capital, often came from outside.
That industry then attracted population from elsewhere; In addition, the local population exploded through improved hygiene and conscious stimulation from the Catholic Church.
The textile industry developed the strongest in Tilburg, which, on the basis thereof, grew into the sixth city of the country.In Eindhoven in 1894 the Philips brothers from Zaltbommel established a light bulb factory, which, thanks to the meanwhile vastly improved general education in the Netherlands, could become a technology multinational with around 1975 about 300.000 employees. Eindhoven became the fifth city in the Netherlands.
The Tilburg textile industry went around 1970 ter Deziele and Philips has been disintegration over the last 40 years, but the now well-educated population will continue to be the fifth and sixth City of the Netherlands.This size was thus largely established in the 20th century, and further in the 19th century; Around 1800 were the poor, insignificant places, and the few buildings that remnants of that time are simple residential houses that have escaped with more happiness than wisdom to the sloop Hammer. Yes, there has been a lot of demolition since then-one had no rich past to look back on and would rather not be reminded of the past poverty, and rapid growth necessitated major interventions in the infrastructure-but in the first place there has never been much That a modern tourist would be particularly interested.
Not newer than Lelystad or Almere;) Tilburg and Eindhoven are industrial cities that were developing in the 19th century and in the second half of the 19th century and 20th century this grew strongly through labour migration. Eindhoven is also not a city that has grown from a core, but a clumping of villages.
Ehm, aren’t you confused with Rotterdam and Utrecht?The centres of these cities were largely built after the Second World War. Other new cities are Almere and Lelystad, which were built only after the draining of Flevoland.
In the years 60 the mayor of Tilburg was responsible for the demolition of many old buildings.In Eindhoven many old buildings were killed in the war, first by bombardments of the Allies at the Philips factories, after the liberation of the south of the Netherlands in 1944 by bombing of the Germans.