Until now, all known universe theories have failed due to the time problem, i.e. the question: What was before the formation?
Can there still be time where there is nothing yet?
Many researchers have already tried this, with ideas such as singularity, etc., which are ultimately all just imaginative notions of ignorance.
To do this, one has to look at the direct connection between energy and time.
Time is basically exclusively derivable from a change in an energetic size, i.e. when an object shifts its location or decreases in its energy.
Only from a change (usually decrease) of energy is derived time, see change between day (with sun) and night (without sun), see sundial, battery consumption of clocks, or atomic clocks, which have isotope decay (half-life, etc.) as a basis of time .
Time is therefore not an independent fact in the universe, but is basically derived from measurable energetic changes of energetic fields or objects in such fields, so is ultimately only a consequence of thermodynamics, as well as so-called.Room:
There is space directly related to fields.
Space can therefore only exist where there are energy-effective fields, e.g. gravity.
If there is no gravity, which applies equally to the electromagnetic effect, NO space can exist, since space is fundamentally defined as an energetically defined distance between at least.two objects or field sizes.
Thus, for example(triangulation) measures the distance between alpha centauri and earth by light run times (c) between the two by calculateing a result by redshift or by comparison (triangulation) with other objects (other suns).
If there were no relationship between Alpha C. and Earth via light or other energetic effects, Alpha C. would not be detectable, no distance could be calculated, and thus there would be no space.
Without objects on which energetic effects can be detected, i.e. no space.
Consequently, time and space are defined by the presence of energetically leveling objects.
If there are NO such objects, there is no time and no space.
Time and space therefore only began when an energetic levelling began, which can only be created by levelling energetic interaction between objects/fields.
!!! No leveling without interaction, i.e. no objects !!!
!!! Objects appear with interaction by leveling !!!
Consequently, a prerequisite for the creation of a universe, and thus also for so-calledSpace and time, an energetic leveling that is described as thermodynamics.
- no universe is possible without an energetic leveling.
- a prerequisite for a universe, a levelling object base.
All constants lead to a limitation of all objects, see e.g. c (LG), which not only limits the object speeds, but also their object sizes and object extents.
Without c therefore no universe, without G (gravity) no space, no time, etc..
Consequently, before the formation of the universe, there must have been objects that were not (yet) limited by constant effects.
(Each constant represents a limiting effect on space-time objects.)
If the original objects of this universe were limited by constants, there would have been space and time even before the beginning of the universe, but this cannot be possible (now not described further, but what in div.origin theories).
Consequently, the original objects of this universe consist/consist of objects that cannot be binddby by constant effects and logical effects, otherwise space and time would be perpetual, which they are not.
See also the logical effects, and specifically the definition of LOGICAL objects that occur as operands in mathematics:
See at Time, Big Bang, etc.too:
Ron Heide’s answer to Is there the infinite past?If you say “no,” what was “before” time?
On gravity and time:
Ron Heide’s response to What is time?Can gravity actually slow down time?
On mass and causality: