The rotator cuff is a series of 4 muscles in the shoulder that form a cuff of tissue around the humerus at the shoulder joint. These muscles provide rotational power to the shoulder. Tears in the tendons of these muscles are called rotator cuff tears. The most commonly affected muscle is the supraspinatus.

Which muscles are involved in a rotator cuff tear?

Each of these muscles is part of the rotator cuff and plays an important role:

  • supraspinatus. This keeps your humerus in place and keeps your upper arm stable.
  • Infraspinatus. This is the main muscle that allows you to rotate and extend your shoulder.
  • Teres Minor. This is the smallest muscle in the rotator cuff.
  • Subscapularis.

And where do you feel pain with a torn rotator cuff?

Typically feel pain in the front of your shoulder radiating down the side of your arm. It can be present during overhead activities such as lifting or grasping. You may experience pain when trying to sleep on the affected side.

Put simply, can you raise your arm with a rotator cuff tear?

If you have a minor rotator cuff tear you can Raise your arm often with or without pain. Medium tears are usually very painful and you will have trouble moving your arm. When a large rotator cuff tear occurs, you may find that you cannot lift your arm at all.

Why is the rotator cuff prone to injury?

Causes of a rotator cuff injury

Normal wear: Because the rotator cuff tendon has poor blood flow, it tends to degenerate with age. Degeneration can be aggravated by repetitive shoulder movements. As such, this condition typically occurs when you are over 40 years old.

Can a torn rotator cuff cause neck pain?

The rotator cuff wears out with age and is easily injured. When this happens, we compensate by using different muscles to pick up or reach for things. “This can cause both shoulder and neck pain,” says Dr. Richetti. Develops in the shoulder itself or on the outside of your upper arm.

Why does my shoulder hurt when I raise my arm?

Impingement. Raising your arm to shoulder height narrows the space between the acromion and the rotator cuff. The acromion can rub (or “bump”) against the tendon and bursa, causing irritation and pain.

How long does rotator cuff surgery take?

The procedure takes about 2 to 2 ½ hours Hours, however, preoperative preparation and postoperative recovery can easily double this time. Patients typically spend 1 or 2 hours in the recovery room.

What percentage of rotator cuff tears require surgery?

It is very uncommon to repair a partial rotator cuff tear. For deep partial tears — when more than 90 percent of the tendon is torn — surgery is only recommended if symptoms cannot be controlled with nonsurgical treatments.

How do doctors diagnose a rotator cuff tear?

The most commonly used test to diagnose a rotator cuff tear is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),4? but an arthrogram and ultrasound can also be used. MRI is helpful because it can show both full rotator cuff tears and partial rotator cuff tears.

Is swimming good for rotator cuff injuries?

Rotator cuff injury from swimming. Swimming is a notoriously good sport when it comes to preventing injuries. Compared to running and the effects it has on your joints, swimming is a low-impact, high-cardio sport that generally doesn’t require an athlete to worry much about injury.

Does torn rotator cuff hurt? all the time?

Rotator cuff tendon tears often cause pain at night. The pain can even wake you up. During the day, the pain is more bearable and usually only hurts with certain movements, e.g. B. overhead or reaching backwards. Over time, the symptoms get much worse and aren’t relieved by medication, rest, or exercise.

Should I have rotator cuff surgery?

If you have symptoms that don’t If it gets better after 3 to 6 months, you may need an operation. You should consider surgery if you tore your rotator cuff from a sudden injury and the tear is causing shoulder weakness. But surgery can’t completely reverse problems that develop over time due to rotator cuff wear.

How do you know if the rotator cuff is torn or overstretched?


  1. Described as a dull ache deep in the shoulder.
  2. Disrupt sleep, especially when lying on the affected shoulder.
  3. Make combing or grasping difficult your hair behind your back.
  4. Be accompanied by arm weakness.

Which rotator cuff muscle is most commonly injured?

Tears in the tendons of these muscles are called rotator cuff tears. The most commonly affected muscle is the supraspinatus. A combination of vulnerable anatomy and a lifetime of wear and tear can result in mechanical abrasion and impingement of the supraspinatus on the acromion.

What is the best treatment for a rotator cuff injury?

Acute tear

  • Use ice to reduce swelling.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen can help reduce pain and swelling.
  • A sling can help reduce swelling Arm to support. Spare the rotator cuff muscles.

What happens if you don’t repair a torn rotator cuff?

The tendon damage is too severe: If The rotator cuff tear is very large (a massive rotator cuff tear) and has been present for a long time, surgical repair may not be possible. In this situation, not only is there a rotator cuff tear, but the shoulder joint has become arthritic.

Is a rotator cuff tear a disability?

Answer: Yes, whether it is a rotator cuff problem, chronic tendonitis or bursitis, instability, impingement, a fracture, a frozen shoulder, arthritis, or even a tumor, it’s possible to receive a Social Security Disability for a shoulder problem. Sometimes it’s not easy to get disability benefits with a shoulder problem.

Why is the supraspinatus most commonly torn?

The supraspinatus tendon is the most commonly torn tendon in the shoulder. Rotator cuff tears can be caused by an acute injury such as a fall, lifting or pulling, or lifting too hard overhead. Chronic tears are more common and are caused by degenerative changes over the years.

What exercises are bad for the rotator cuff?

  • Palms down or thumbs lateral raises Low. This position can increase the compression of the rotator cuff muscles against the bony surface in the shoulder.
  • Behind the head shoulder press.
  • Upright row.
  • Dips on the triceps bench.
  • Single arm rows.

What happens if a torn rotator cuff is left untreated?

Complications of a rotator cuff tear. If left untreated, a rotator cuff tear can severely limit function and range of motion. The tears can also increase over time. This can cause partial rotator cuff tears to develop into full tears.

Is massage good for rotator cuff injuries?

HOW MASSAGE HELPS. Keeping your shoulder muscles flexible can help relieve pain and stiffness in your rotator cuff. Massage Envy’s professional therapists can help you increase your range of motion and improve flexibility.