function carries feces from the cecum superiorly along the right side of our abdominal cavity to the transverse colon. function is to absorb fluids and salts that remain after completion of intestinal digestion and absorption and to mix its contents with a lubricating substance, mucus.

What does the transverse colon do?

The transverse colon connects the ascending colon to the descending colon. Functions of the transverse colon include: Moving the waste material forward to the rectum using peristalsis and haustral churning. Absorbing water and electrolytes.

How do the jejunum and ileum differ?

The three sections of the small intestine look similar to each other at a microscopic level, but there are some important differences. The jejunum and ileum do not have Brunner’s glands in the submucosa, while the ileum has Peyer’s patches in the mucosa, but the duodenum and jejunum do not.

What is the primary function of the duodenum quizlet?

The main function of the duodenum is that it receives chyme from the stomach and digestive secretions from the liver and pancreas.

Which is a segment of the large intestine quizlet?

Divided into four segments; the cecum, the colon, the rectum, and anal canal. The first part of the large intestine.

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Which one of the following is not an organ of the alimentary canal?

The liver (under the ribcage in the right upper part of the abdomen), the gallbladder (hidden just below the liver), and the pancreas (beneath the stomach) are not part of the alimentary canal, but these organs are essential to digestion.

One may also ask, what is the function of the colon quizlet?

One of the main functions of the colon is to remove the water and other key nutrients from waste material and recycle it back into the body. As the waste material exits the small intestine it will move into the cecum and then to the ascending colon where this process of extraction starts.

What is the appendix directly attached to?

Appendix, formally vermiform appendix, in anatomy, a vestigial hollow tube that is closed at one end and is attached at the other end to the cecum, a pouchlike beginning of the large intestine into which the small intestine empties its contents.

What is the special function of the mucosa in the esophagus quizlet?

What is the special function of the mucosa (layer 1) in the esophagus that explains why it is relatively thick and smooth while in most areas of the digestive tract the mucosa is relatively thin and folded? To protect the rest of the esophagus from sharp food particles and stomach acid.

Which term describes dark tarry stools?

Bleeding that takes place in the esophagus, stomach, or the first part of the small intestine most often causes the stool to appear black or tarry. Your doctor may use the term “melena.” Bleeding in the upper part of the GI tract will usually cause black stools due to: Abnormal blood vessels.

Is the cecum the first part of the large intestine?

Cecum. Cecum, also spelled caecum, pouch or large tubelike structure in the lower abdominal cavity that receives undigested food material from the small intestine and is considered the first region of the large intestine.

Considering this, what is the cecum quizlet?

-Pouch that lies on the right side of the abdomen. -Extends from end of ileum to beginning of colon. -Ring-like muscle that controls flow from the ileum of small intestine into cecum of large intestine.

Consequently, what is the function of the esophagus quizlet?

The esophagus seems to have only one important function in the body – to carry food, liquids, and saliva from the mouth to the stomach. The stomach’s main function is digestion. It does this by: Storing the food we eat.

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What is the left colon?

The right colon consists of the cecum, ascending colon, hepatic flexure and the right half of the transverse colon. The left colon consists of the left half of the transverse colon, splenic flexure, descending colon, and sigmoid.

What is the primary digestive function of the pancreas?

The Pancreas and Its Functions. The pancreas is an organ located in the abdomen. It plays an essential role in converting the food we eat into fuel for the body’s cells. The pancreas has two main functions: an exocrine function that helps in digestion and an endocrine function that regulates blood sugar.

What is the main function of duodenum?

Duodenum. The duodenum is the first and shortest segment of the small intestine. It receives partially digested food (known as chyme) from the stomach and plays a vital role in the chemical digestion of chyme in preparation for absorption in the small intestine.

What is the main function of the digestive system quizlet?

The digestive system has three main functions. They are digestion, absorption, and elimination. The digestive system starts at the mouth when food gets bitten into smaller and smaller pieces and is mixed with saliva. The teeth crush and grind the food.

What is the function of bile and where is it produced quizlet?

Bile is produced in the liver. What is the function of bile? Breaks down fats into small pieces so that it is exposed to fat – digesting enzymes.

What are the functions of the liver quizlet?

– The liver contains huge number of cells called hepatocytes. -The liver is supplied with blood by two vessels, the hepatic portal vein, and the hepatic artery. When certain nutrients are excess in the blood, hepatocytes absorb and store them, releasing them when the level is low.

Which part of the large intestine runs horizontally across the abdomen?

transverse colon

What is the main function of the esophagus?

The esophagus is a tube that connects the throat and the stomach. If the mouth is the gateway to the body, then the esophagus is a highway for food and drink to travel along to make it to the stomach. This body part has a very simple function, but can have many disorders.