The French Empire controlled much of Europe but collapsed in the late 18th and mid-19th centuries. The empire was divided into the First and Second French Empires. End of the period of the French Consulate and the First French Republic. Napoleon reigned until 1815, when he was defeated at Waterloo.

So how did the fall of the French Empire come about?

A series of wars with Great Britain and others led to France‘s nearly his entire empire lost conquests by 1814. France mainly rebuilt a new empire after 1850, centered mainly in Africa as well as Indochina and the South Pacific.

Second, which countries did the French empire take over?

Other African countries colonized by France include Gambia, Chad, Mali, Togo, Sudan, Gabon, Tunisia, Niger, Republic of the Congo, Cameroon and several others. In North America, France colonized the New France, Newfoundland, and Haiti region, areas outside of Europe that were under French rule from the 17th century to the late 1970s. “2nd” means that the country/territory was part of the second French colonial empire. “Now” means this is an area that is still part of the French Republic today.

How did the French Empire expand?

During the first of two French colonial empires, the French Colonization of America took place. Due to the Napoleonic Wars during the second expansion, France was able to reconquer much of its colonies from Britain as well as the French invasion of Algeria, which would be conquered 17 years later.

Why did the Second French Empire fall?

The immediate cause of the fall of the Second Empire was France‘s defeat by Prussia in the Franco-Prussian War. After Prussia occupied Paris, Napoleon III fled and Prussia established an unstable republican government based on universal male suffrage and multi-party parliamentarism.

Why did the British Empire fall?

The independence of the thirteen colonies of North America in 1783 following the American Revolutionary War meant Britain lost some of its oldest and most populous colonies. British attention soon turned to Asia, Africa and the Pacific.

Was Lebanon a French colony?

French Colonialism. Lebanon became Part of the French Mandate for Syria and Lebanon, administered from Damascus and officially part of the French Colonial Empire. During World War II, Lebanon was initially administered by Vichy France, but in 1942 the area came under Free France.

Which countries were French colonies?

French West Africa (French : Afrique occidentale française, AOF) was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Ivory Coast, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin) and Niger.

When was France at its peak?

In the 19th and 20th centuries, its global colonial empire was second only to the British Empire. At its peak, between 1919 and 1939, the second French colonial empire covered 12,347,000 km² (4,767,000 square kilometers).

When did the French Empire fall?

The French Empire controlled much of Europe but collapsed in the late 18th and mid-19th centuries.

Why did France colonize America?

They ventured throughout the Great Lakes region and the Mississippi Valley and claimed the territory for the King of France. In a vain attempt to encourage emigration to North America, France instituted a colonization policy based on land grants to be distributed to farmers or other residents.

In which part of Africa were most French colonies?

In the early years of the 20th Guinea, Ivory Coast and Niger).

Where did England colonize?

The English achieved their first successes in 1607 in Jamestown on the Chesapeake Bay established a permanent colony in North America that eventually grew into the Colony of Virginia. A second permanent colony was established at Plymouth in 1620, followed by the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630.

How many countries did Britain colonize?

22 countries

How did they treat French the natives?

The natives already traded extensively in furs. They respected the aboriginal lands, their way of life and treated them for the people they were. The natives, in turn, treated the French as trusted friends. More intermarriages occurred between French settlers and Native Americans than with any other European group.

Why did France colonize Algeria?

The French monarch sought to reverse his domestic unpopularity. As a result of what the French saw as the Dey’s insult to the French consul in Algiers in 1827, France blocked Algiers for three years. France took the failure of the blockade as an opportunity to launch a military expedition against Algiers in 1830.

Why did Britain want to colonize Africa?

The reasons for African colonization were mainly economic, political and religious. These countries were engaged in a race to acquire more territory on the African continent, but this race was open to all European countries. Britain has had some success stopping the slave trade off the coasts of Africa.

How many countries has France colonized?

France has held the national reserves of fourteen African countries since 1961: Benin , Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo-Brazzaville, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.

What part of Africa did Germany control?

The six main colonies of German Africa, along with the native kingdoms and polities, were the legal precedents for the modern states of Burundi, Cameroon, Namibia, Rwanda, Tanzania and Togo.

Why did France imperialize?

The main goal of colonizing West Africa was that they wanted to turn West African countries into a “French state”. That means changing their way of life, making French the official language, converting them to a new religion like Christianity. French colonization changed African culture.

Are there still colonies in France?

Yes, there are still colonized countries. Mainly there are small islands. There are 61 colonies or territories in the world. Eight countries maintain them: Australia (6), Denmark (2), Netherlands (2), France (16), New Zealand (3), Norway (3), the United Kingdom (15) and the United States (14). .