Latitude lines (parallels) run east-west around the globe and are used to measure distances NORTH and SOUTH of the equator. Since the equator is 0, the latitude of the North Pole, 1/4 of the way around the world going north, would be 90 N.

Also, is longitude running east to west?

Lines of longitude, meridians called, run in a north-south direction from pole to pole. Longitude is the angular measure of a place east or west of the prime meridian. Longitude runs from 0° at the prime meridian to 180° east or west, i.e. halfway around the earth.

What two names are there for the lines that go around the earth in an east-west direction ?

The imaginary lines circling the globe in an east-west direction are called lines of latitude (or parallels, since they are parallel to the equator). They are used to measure distances north and south of the equator. The lines that encircle the globe from north to south are called lines of longitude (or meridians).

So is longitude north and south or east and west?

Lines are lines of longitude or meridians run between the north and south poles. They measure the east-west position.

Which latitude has no direction?

The equator is 0° latitude. Points north of the equator are expressed with positive numbers and points south of the equator are expressed with negative numbers. There are 90 degrees in both directions. The prime meridian is 0° longitude.

Are lines of longitude parallel?

Lines of longitude, also called meridians, run from north to south. The meridians are furthest apart at the equator and converge at the north and south poles. The longitude of a given location is the distance, measured in degrees, along a parallel between that location and the prime meridian.

What are the 5 major lines of longitude?

The five The great parallels from north to south are called: Arctic Circle, Tropic of Cancer, Equator, Tropic of Capricorn and Arctic Circle. Latitudes are shown as horizontal lines on maps that have either due north or due south orientation of the map.

How do you remember latitude and longitude?

The easiest way to remember The difference between latitude and longitude is that the terms are associated with different parts of a ladder. Latitudes run east and west. As a reminder, think of the rungs of a ladder (which sounds similar to latitude) running across and connecting the two longer pieces.

What is an example of longitude?

Longitude is the angular distance of a location east or west of the meridian in Greenwich, England. For example, New York and Miami have almost exactly the same longitude: about 80 degrees West. Berlin, on the other hand, has a longitude of 13 degrees East. Beijing, China, has a longitude of 116 degrees East.

Which comes first in longitude or latitude?

Latitude is written before longitude. Latitude is written with a number followed by “north” or “south” depending on whether it is north or south of the equator. Longitude is written with a number followed by “east” or “west” depending on whether it is east or west of the prime meridian.

What is the latitude of the earth?

In geography, latitude is a geographical coordinate that indicates the north-south position of a point on the earth’s surface. Latitude is an angle (defined below) ranging from 0° at the equator to 90° (north or south) at the poles.

Is latitude horizontal or vertical?

The horizontal lines crossing the earth are the lines of latitude. The vertical lines crossing the earth are the lines of longitude.

What is another name for longitude?


What is 0 longitude called?

Zero latitude is the line that marks the equator and divides the earth into two equal hemispheres (north and south). The zero degree of longitude is an imaginary line known as the prime meridian.

Is latitude N or W?

Latitude measures the distance north or south of the equator. Longitude measures the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian. Try GOOGLE next time – you’ll be surprised how easily and quickly Google can answer such basic questions.

What is the opposite of prime meridian?

Directly on the opposite The 180th side of the earth from the prime meridian is meridian 180.

How are east and west determined?

No matter where on earth you are, the direction is determined from another point, the is the opposite point. As you move away from the true North Pole, it changes – on Earth we determine East/West (perpendicular to the North/South Pole) based on the Earth’s rotation around its axis.

What are the 2 main lines of longitude?

  • Equator, tropics and prime meridian. Four of the major imaginary lines that cross the surface of the earth are the Equator, the Tropic of Cancer, the Tropic of Capricorn, and the Prime Meridian.
  • The Equator.
  • The Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn.
  • Prime Meridian.

What are the lines of longitude called?

Lines of longitude. Imaginary lines, also called meridians, running vertically around the globe. Unlike latitude lines, longitude lines are not parallel. Meridians meet at the poles and are furthest apart at the equator. Zero degrees (0°) is called the prime meridian.

What are the lines that run from north to south called?

Meridians. Imaginary lines running north and south from pole to pole on a map. Meridians express degrees of longitude, or how far a location is from the prime meridian. The Prime Meridian runs through Greenwich, England.

Why are there 360 degrees of longitude and 180 degrees of latitude?

The South Pole and North Pole are 180° apart, the lines of longitude crossing from North Pole to South Pole. Ideally, while you remain at the North Pole, you can see the entire globe. Therefore, it starts at zero and ends at 360 degrees of longitude.

What distance is 1 degree of longitude?

Each degree of latitude is approximately 69 miles (111 kilometers) apart. The range varies (due to the slightly elliptical shape of the Earth) from 68.703 miles (110.567 km) at the equator to 69.407 (111.699 km) at the poles. This is convenient because every minute (1/60th of a degree) is approximately one [nautical] mile.