As you get to work, you will not only lay the boards but will also have to install rails, cap posts, cleats and anchors to support the boards you have laid. If you are laying decking over an existing deck, it is essential that you first dig down at least 4 inches so the new decking has a base level for support.

How do I build a simple deck?

To build a deck, the first step is to lay down a layer of 16-gauge (or thicker) galvanized iron for the structural support of the deck. The second step is to build a sub-deck. You can start by stacking 2×4 supports in a staggered or overlapping pattern. Then you can layer a 2×6 deck joist directly on top of the decking.

Should you countersink deck screws?

The short answer is “no,” they should not be countersunk. Countersinking deck screws is a bad idea for a number of reasons. It can cause the screws to splinter and tear out the deck surface. It makes your job harder. It may even make your deck surface worse.

How do you build a ground level deck on uneven ground?

Start with your perimeter and foot joists placed so that the distance between the joists is the same at all corners of a square, to avoid uneven strain on a joist. You can also offset the joists at the base by 1/8″ for an inch of material. So, if your deck is 8 feet long and the joists measure 10″ on center, you can offset the foot joists 1/8″, measure them out in 10″ increments from center to center, and then cut your deck boards.

How many footings do I need for a deck?

The typical size of each footing is 18 to 24 inches deep (5 meters) deep, according to the ASCE 7-11 method. You’ll need at least two, but the standard recommendation is three. For many decks, including those that will be in a high wind zone, it’s best to dig an additional 4 -6 inches deep for each concrete floor joist to create a wind-resistant sill

How much does it cost to build a 12×12 floating deck?

12×12 floating deck: $7,600

Also know, what is the correct way to lay decking boards?

The first thing you should know about the correct way to lay decking boards is that they should always be placed flat with even edges on each side. If you see the edge of a board that looks warped, you should not place another board on top until you correct the warped board.

Should decking boards be horizontal or vertical?

Wooden Decking Plans. When designing a deck, it is crucial to determine the pitch or steepness of the deck. A plan that is 1/2″ on one side and 1/2″ on the other is a horizontal plan. This is typically a 5/16″ or 2 1/4″ slope. A 2-foot deck with a 1/4-inch rise will only have 1/16-inch rise, so it is a vertical plan.

What do you put under decking?

Countersink all screws and fasten wood with deck screws instead of deck plugs. The difference: the screws remain below the surface, so you can easily use high-quality silicone caulk or deck sealer to keep everything watertight.

How long should decking screws be?


The best advice is that the deck screws should be at least 10 inches long to keep the post well supported and prevent splitting on the deck or splitting on the concrete post. Use multiple screws on low-bearing members.

Is it better to nail or screw deck boards?

As I mentioned earlier, the preferred way to fasten decking boards is to use deck screws and decking nails. It makes perfect sense to use a deck screw for attaching wooden shingles as you don’t have to cut them over the screwhead like a decking nail.

Can you flip deck boards over?

No, it’s not possible to flip a deck upside down because it’s not made of metal or wood. It’s either plastic, composite or composite boards.

Can you lay decking on grass?

You can lay decking on grass without harming the grass, as long as you don’t walk on it, or allow children to walk on it. Grass decking can be easily laid on any flat surface within reason, but can be damaged by moving heavy objects. The decking boards will need to be laid flat for a few hours.

Likewise, can I build a deck directly on the ground?

While a deck over the ground can often be a viable option with very limited space, there are several rules you should follow if the ground is uneven to avoid problems with the deck and also to make sure your deck can easily withstand the load of the deck itself.

How do you anchor a floating deck?

Put two strong stakes just off the end of your deck to keep the deck in place. You can use concrete footings, but you can use pressure treated or cedar strips if you want. A small post at each end will prevent the floating decks from moving too much when wind blows.

What wood should I use for decking frame?

Wood. The decking usually consists of softwood, especially cedar or Trex (composite resin) because most people prefer it to the real decking. It feels more durable than real hardwood and won’t get stained like regular decking. Hardwood like teak, redwood, and teak is a much better option if you can find a high end brand that will stand up to the inevitable wear and tear by homeowners.

Thereof, how do you lay decking on soil?

Laying Concrete Layers on soil on any concrete base. We recommend using concrete base instead of soil for all types of decking and concrete work. Concrete is best because it is strong and durable and requires minimal preparation. The process of laying concrete on a floor also requires less manpower to cut.

Should you pre drill deck boards?

Drilling holes in your decking is important but it is not required. Deck holes will usually start with a hammer drill. Hammer drill holes in decking are drilled to a depth of 4 inches or more to ensure a good grip, with the right amount of wood left intact.

Is composite decking slippery when wet?

Concrete slabs are a common choice for many homeowners. The biggest drawback to using concrete as your decking material is that when it rains, the concrete can become very slippery. If your decking is sloped, you’ll need to sweep or mop up to keep that “slippy” look.

Can I put deck tiles on grass?

If the ground is very dry lay the tile directly on the base gravel. If the ground is already fully filled with grass, however, lay the tiles on their sides. If possible, have your contractor help with this. When laying deck tiles on a surface that is already soft or filled with water, be sure to lay tiles in at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) of gravel or sand for even support and drainage.

Do I need to remove grass before decking?

Removing grass to prepare the ground for decking. Remove all plant life by digging a deep, large trench in the area of your decking. You don’t have to go as deep as the topsoil, but dig a 3 foot deep trench. Remove any underground wires or pipes that come in the path of your deck install.